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View Full Version : How are the "fed" and Prime Rate related?

Free4Life11
09-19-2007, 11:20 AM
The "fed" just dropped the interest rate by .5% down to 4.75, so how will this effect the prime rate.

My understanding is that the Prime Rate is equal to the "Fed" rate + 3%, is this correct? I know the Prime Rate we use at work is 8.25%.

NewJersey
09-19-2007, 11:27 AM
The fed funds rate is the interest rate that banks charge to each other for overnight loans made to fulfill reserve funding requirements. And you are right when you say the prime rate is the fed funds rate plus 300 basis points (3%). The prime rate is the rate that banks lend to their most credit-worthy/favorable customers. So in essence they are making 3% on the money they loan to Customer A that they loaned from Bank A, if that makes sense.

debbi801
09-19-2007, 11:30 AM
The fed funds rate is the interest rate that banks charge to each other for overnight loans made to fulfill reserve funding requirements. And you are right when you say the prime rate is the fed funds rate plus 300 basis points (3%). The prime rate is the rate that banks lend to their most credit-worthy/favorable customers. So in essence they are making 3% on the money they loan to Customer A that they loaned from Bank A, if that makes sense.

Does the prime rate automatically go down when the fed funds rate goes down? :confused3

NewJersey
09-19-2007, 11:35 AM
Does the prime rate automatically go down when the fed funds rate goes down? :confused3

Not sure if automatically is the right word, but yes it goes down since its cheaper for the banks to loan money from other banks, so in essence the banks will charge the consumer less interest to borrow money.

Also, you might notice your interest rate on your credit cards might fall as well, since many cards have interest calculated based on the prime rate plus some sort of spread.

http://money.cnn.com/news/newsfeeds/articles/apwire/D8ROIVSO0.htm

Bank of New York Cuts Prime Rate
Bank of New York Mellon Lowers Prime Rate to 7.75 Percent From 8.25 Percent
September 19, 2007: 10:17 AM EST

NEW YORK (Associated Press) - Bank of New York Mellon Corp. on Wednesday reduced its prime rate from 8.25 percent to 7.75 percent, effective immediately.

A prime rate is the lowest rate of interest on bank loans at a given time and place, offered to preferred customers.

The rate change follows the Federal Reserve's move Tuesday to slash the target federal funds rate to 4.75 percent from 5.25 percent because of signs that credit market problems could hurt the overall economy.

wnissen
09-19-2007, 02:57 PM
That is correct, it is not automatic but in general you will see a cut in the Fed interbank rate ("the" rate) reflected pretty quickly due to competitive pressures.

Then, you'll see the change in the prime rate reflected in your home equity loans as they adjust, monthly or yearly. Most adjustible-rate mortgages do not follow the prime rate, but rather the LIBOR, the London Interbank rate, which for various reasons is behaving oddly lately.

The funny thing about rate cuts is that the average American is a net creditor. They are hurt by lower interest rates.

Walt